I thank the Special Representative for his briefing.
I would like to reaffirm from the outset an essential objective: that of a unified Libyan government, capable of governing everywhere and representing all Libyans. The status quo makes Libya vulnerable to foreign interference and destabilization attempts, as well as division.
The achievements of the ceasefire agreement must be preserved and its implementation must be complete. The implementation of Libya’s plan for the withdrawal of foreign forces, foreign fighters and mercenaries and a process of demobilization, disarmament and reintegration of militias is a priority. The summer violence in Tripolitania reminded us of this. The reunification of the Libyan armed forces is the best way to achieve a sovereign and peaceful Libya. France will continue to support dialogue between security actors in the East and West, supported in particular by the 5+5 mixed military committee, in order to preserve the country’s unity.
The arms embargo must be fully respected. France will continue to act in this direction in support of Operation IRINI. It calls on all countries operating in the Mediterranean to cooperate in this operation.
It calls on all Libyan and regional actors to respect the sovereign rights of European Union Member States. The Memorandum of Understanding signed between Turkey and the Libyan Government of National Accord in 2019 and any other agreements arising from it do not comply with the international law of the sea and cannot have legal consequences for third States.
Only the free expression of the will of the people can restore indisputable legitimacy in Libya. In the face of growing divisions, fueled by foreign interference, it is essential to work on a new political roadmap. There is therefore an urgent need to put Libya back on track for simultaneous presidential and legislative elections in Tripolitania, Cyrenaica and Fezzan. Only a genuine dialogue among all Libyans will make this possible. This must lead to a constitutional basis, but also to real commitments between the actors for safe, transparent and credible elections.
On the economic level, France calls on the Libyans to put in place a mechanism for the fair and transparent redistribution of income for the benefit of the entire population. It is essential to put an end to the embezzlement of public funds, which benefits the militias in particular and fuels tensions on the ground.
Human rights violations are deeply worrying, particularly sexual and gender-based violence, as well as violations against migrants and refugees. France demands that those responsible be brought to justice. He recalls the primary responsibility of the Libyan authorities and encourages them to cooperate fully with the International Criminal Court.
It is more important than ever that this Council and the United Nations help Libya and its people to meet the challenges that threaten their sovereignty, security and unity. This is why France fully supports the mediation of Special Representative Abdoulaye Bathily and the renewal for one year of UNMIL’s mandate.